• <strong id="m0giw"><input id="m0giw"></input></strong>
    <strong id="m0giw"></strong>
  • <object id="m0giw"></object>
    <optgroup id="m0giw"><samp id="m0giw"></samp></optgroup>
    <label id="m0giw"></label>
  • <dd id="m0giw"><object id="m0giw"></object></dd>
    <acronym id="m0giw"></acronym>
  • <dd id="m0giw"><sup id="m0giw"></sup></dd>
  • <optgroup id="m0giw"></optgroup>
    <blockquote id="m0giw"><tr id="m0giw"></tr></blockquote>
  • <samp id="m0giw"></samp>
  • <acronym id="m0giw"></acronym>
  • <center id="m0giw"><tt id="m0giw"></tt></center>
  • 華鑫國際杭州翻譯公司是杭州一家高端專業的語言翻譯服務機構,專業提供杭州翻譯服務.主要服務包括杭州英語翻譯、杭州日語翻譯、杭州德語翻譯、杭州法語翻譯等.


    當前位置:首頁 > 翻譯技巧 >


    時間:2015-11-27 09:10來源:未知 作者:hzhxfy88888

     A team of scientists recently discovered that repetition is a terrible way to memorize information—and their findings highlight much better strategies.



    A new study published in Learning and Memory found that simple repetition interferes with the ability to learn new information, especially when it is similar to a set of familiar facts. This may mean that memorizing facts about an issue through repetition could interfere with the ability to remember a more nuanced version of the same issue later on.



    In study, subjects said a list of objects either one or three times. Later on, in the recall phase, another set of similar objects ("lures") was snuck in. Those who had seen objects multiple times better recalled the original objects but had a harder time distinguishing the lures. In other words, their memories were stronger but less precise. Over the long run, repetition can be a false temptress, making us think we've learning something when we really haven't.



    Here are a few tips for better memory:



    Pace your studying



    Not all repetition is bad. It's more accurate to say that cramming is ineffective. “The better idea is to space repetition. Practice a little bit one day, then put your flashcards away, then take them out the next day, then two days later," explain McDaniel and Roediger.



    Mentally testing yourself on materials generally increases recall days later, even if there's no feedback on how well you actually remember the facts. In other words, just going over the material in your head at regular intervals has benefits.



    Within academia, there's a raging debate about the optimal spacing between recall intervals. One of the original systems, by foreign language learning icon Paul Pimsleur, advocated for a pacing of five seconds, 25 seconds, two minutes, 10 minutes, one hour, five hours, one day, five days, 25 days, four months, and two years after the facts are initially learned. Since then, others have found that a slight delay of 10 minutes in the first retrieval made the task just mentally challenging enough to be beneficial. But it depends on the goal; if it's to memorize a speech in a day, you'll probably want to cram more intervals than if you want to remember something five years later.



    I've been experimenting with recall intervals one hour after I read material, then again when I'm at the gym, trying to recall facts learned during the previous three days, one week, and one month prior. The optimal intervals will ultimately depend on your schedule.



    Use Loci



    The ancient granddaddy of advanced memory techniques is the method of Loci, which involves placing objects in sequential order in a mentally constructed (imaginary) world. The most famous memory man of all time, Solomon Shereshevsky, who could recall sets of random numbers years later, used to imagine himself placing objects near buildings.



    World Memory Champion Dominic O'Brien gives practical tips about developing one's own Loci method. O'Brien advocates using Loci places of familiarity, like the walk down a familiar neighborhood block or location within your own home. So, for instance, if you want to memorize the words "Duck," "Car," and "Boat," you might imagine placing a duck on the living room floor, a car in the bathroom, and a boat on the patio. For more complicated tasks, it might help to link them together, like imagining a giant duck walking to a car in the bathroom.

    世界記憶冠軍多米尼克·奧布賴恩就如何用軌跡記憶法開發自己驚人的記憶力給出幾點實用技巧。奧布賴恩提倡使用軌跡記憶法從熟悉的地方入手開始記憶,從如同自家小區里那樣熟悉的地方開始進行記憶。所以,例如,如果你想記住“鴨”、“車”、“船”這幾個單詞("Duck," "Car," and "Boat”),你就想象把一只鴨子在客廳地板上的場景,一輛汽車在浴室的場景、一艘船在院子里的場景。這樣的記憶法有助于把較為復雜難記的東西聯系在一起進行記憶,像想象一只大鴨子在浴室里走向一輛車的場景。


    Connect the dots



    Understanding is the basis for easier memorization. Chess masters have a much easier time memorizing location of chess pieces than beginners, even though they're recalling the same information.



    In a study published in the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, researchers found that second-year biology students had an easier time learning new information if it was related to programs they were already studying. "If you don't immediately know the answer to a question, you could first try recalling what you already know about that topic. This might help you to come up with the right answer after all," concludes one of the researchers.



    In other words, the more widely knowledgeable we are about a subject, the easier it is to retain and retrieve information. So, read books and the news widely. The more you know, the more you'll be able to know.


    電話:0571-85106895  傳真:0571-85106895
    2009-2010 Copyright © 華鑫國際杭州翻譯公司版權所有 All rights reserved. 浙ICP備07008599號
    快速導航:杭州翻譯 - 杭州翻譯公司 - 杭州英語翻譯 - 杭州日語翻譯 - 杭州德語翻譯 - 杭州法語翻譯 - 杭州俄語翻譯 - 杭州韓語翻譯
    友情鏈接:深圳翻譯公司 - 專業翻譯公司
    深圳翻譯公司 - 專業翻譯公司 - 中國翻譯網

    一区二区不卡在线视频_一区二区三区不卡免费视频_一区二区三区日本久久九 <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <文本链> <文本链> <文本链> <文本链> <文本链> <文本链>